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Indian Farmers’ Protest 2020

Introduction:  

The parliament of India passed three acts regarding the welfare of the farmers as they say, on September 2020. They also call it as farm bills. According to the honorable prime minister of India, these bills are a watershed moment in the history of Indian agriculture.  He also stated that these bills will ensure a complete transformation of the agricultural sector and empower tens of millions of farmers. Many prestigious institution and researches supported the passing of this act. But the farmers of certain states did not support it and started protesting against it. There started the Indian Farmers’ Protest, which is getting stronger day by day, despite the outrageous efforts of the government and the city police.

Farmhttp://2020–2021 Indian farmers’ protest – Wikipedia bills:

            The Indian Agriculture Act 2020 was passed in the Parliament of India in September 2020. It is also called as the farm bills. Thus, the act was approved in Lok Shaba on 17 Sept 2020 and in Rajya Shaba on 20 Sept 2020. There are three farm laws that constructs this main act. They are as follows,

  • The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (promotion and facilitation) Act, 2020.
  • Farmers’ (empowerment and protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020.
  • Essential Commodities (amendment) Act, 2020.

These acts are said to provide more facilities for the farmers to earn the deserving income for their crops, and to trade them to different countries that are in dire need of our wealth to sustain.

Support:

            Several union ministers supported the act and even urged the farmers not to have any misconceptions. The Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund, Gita Gopinath said the, “farm bills and labour bills are very important steps in the right direction.” She also stressed that the implementation of these laws must be right. 866 academics from different educational institutes signed an open letter expressing their support for the three farm laws. Many other researchers and economical activists supported this act and highly appreciated the Parliament for passing these three laws.

Opposition:

            However, not all the institutes and geniuses supported this act. There were oppositions from people all over the country. Former chief economist Kaushik Basu, called the new farm bills as ‘flawed’ and ‘detrimental to farmers’. 413 academicians from across the country and several board universities said in a statement that the new bills pose a major threat to farming communities all over India and urged the government to abandon it.

            On Dec 31 2020, the Kerala legislative assembly passed a resolution against the farm reforms to seek their withdrawal. Many farmers started protesting against the farm bills stating that it will hurt their earnings. The main reasons for opposing is the uncertainty regarding the implementation of the reforms, controversy surrounding the MSPs and poor bargaining of the farmers.  

MSP:

            Minimum Support Price is an agricultural product price, set by the Government of India to purchase directly from the farmer. This is not enforceable by the law. By definition this rate is to safeguard the farmer to a minimum profit for the harvest, if the open market has lesser price than the cost incurred. Lack of statutory support in the bills for the MSP is a major point of concern, especially for farmers from Punjab and Haryana, where 65% of wheat was being procured at MSP by the Food Corporation of India and other state agencies. That induced the first spark for the protest in Punjab and Haryana.

Protests:

            Various protests have started since the proposal of the new farm bills and farmers from different parts o the country started their protests by marching towards Delhi where it is believed that a deserving solution will be given to the innocent farmers, who spend all their lives under the sun to make food for the urban population. But we as the consumers of their hard work, don’t have the time to even hear their painful cries for support. Media and other similar entities have stated that this is the first major protest, since Narendra Modi’s government. But that is not the whole truth.

Masked Dissent:

             On 14 March 2017, a group of Tamil farmers protested in Delhi asking a loan waiver from the central government. They chose protest as their last hope, because the state government failed to give them the loan waiver, due to the expenses caused by a heavy rainfall that was the reason for the farmers fare less poor state. This protest lasted till 26 Oct 2017, but no one was ready to support them in their time of need. They tried certain gruesome methods to gain the attention of both the population and the government. But nothing turned fruitful.

            The society turned deaf when they stated the facts and extended their hand in hope of seeking help. What they did not know is that their dignity would be snatched away in return for a minimal help. When they protested, taking sun as their roof and draping rain and flakes as their blanket, it did not become a national issue. Every one saw it as a hinderance to their daily routine and nothing else. The same should not happen to the Indian farmers who are protesting for their yield.

Demand of the Farmers:

            Farmer unions and their representatives have demanded that the laws be replaced and will not accept anything short of it. They have rejected a Supreme Court stay order on the implementation of the farm laws as well as the involvement of the supreme court appointed committee. Eleven rounds of talk that took place between the central government and the representing farmers had been inconclusive.

            On 3rd February, farmer leaders warned of escalating the protest to overthrowing the government if the farm laws were not replaced. However, the stay order on the implementation of the farm laws remains in effect as of 29 January. The supreme court appointed committee continues with its tasks related to the farm laws and they have asked suggestions from the public.

            The farm bills have been described by the farmers as anti-farmer laws and the politicians from the opposition also say that the farmers would be left in the mercy of corporates if this act is implemented. The farmers have demanded the creation of an MSP bill, to ensure that corporates cannot control the prices. However, the government says that the laws will make it effortless for the farmers to sell their produce directly o big buyers, and that the protests are based on misinformation.     

Conclusion:

            The great protest has been going on for about six months, yet we don’t have a clear solution that could satisfy both the farmers and the government and its allies. Not all the protests have had a fruitful effect in the long race of survival. But let us give our support to the farmers and hope that they get what they deserve for the sake of justice and our future generation.

– Devimanju Mohan.

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COVID VACCINE IN INDIA

Introduction:

            We have seen about the effects of the world famous and lethal Corona virus and its modified form in the previous articles. Now let us see more about what the virus has done to the world and how we are conquering against it. It has been more than a year since the virus has been identified and the world scientists have been struggling day and night to come up with a solution for lethal virus and after so many tests and trials they have finally come up with a permanent solution, which can otherwise be called as vaccination. Many foreign countries such as Britain, America, Switzerland, Malaysia have started injecting the approved vaccines in their countries.

What is a Vaccine?

            Vaccines save millions of lives each year. Vaccines work by training and preparing the body’s natural defences (the immune system) to recognize and fight off the viruses and bacteria they target. If the body is exposed to those disease-causing germs later, the body is immediately ready to destroy them, preventing illness.

        

Vaccines Across the World:

    Many pharmaceutical industries are working in collaboration with the World Health Organization and there are at least 50 COVID-19 vaccine candidates who have applied to the WHO to gain approval for their vaccines and the former will gain the much-needed approval only when WHO is satisfied with the response of the vaccine after the trials. Only a few vaccines have been given the green card to begin their rescue operation by WHO. They are Moderna vaccine, Pfizer vaccine, COVAX, COVAXIN, COVISHIELD, BNT162b2. These are some of the vaccines that are ready to roll out.

Vaccine in India:http://coronavirus-vaccines-in-india-heres-a-list-of-all-covid-19-vaccines-made-in-india

            Following the footsteps of the well-developed countries, India has also taken the much-awaited initiative to provide COVID vaccine for the people. It has come as a relief for the people who were worried about the transportation of the newly developed COVID strain from Britain. The central health ministry has approved two vaccine candidates after witnessing the phase trials and those are COVAXIN by Bharat Biotech and COVISHIELD by Pune based serum Institute of India.

COVISHIELD:

            Pune based Serum Institute of India has sought approval for its version of the vaccine developed by the Oxford University and AstraZeneca which it has been testing in India for the last few months. The candidate is currently in phase -III trials in India. In its application, Serum has submitted the safety data from Phase-I and phase-II trials, while the effectiveness data has been sourced from phase-III trials of the same vaccine in the UK and Brazil. This vaccine can be safely stored at a temperature of 2C to 8C, about the same as a domestic fridge.

COVAXIN:

            Bharat Biotech is a Hyderabad-based company which is developing a vaccine, Covaxin in collaboration with National Institute of Virology, an ICMR institute in Pune, has started phase-III trials only recently, and is yet to enroll all the participants as per its design. Its application is based mainly on the safety data from phase-I and phase-II trials. It is India’s indigenous COVID-19 inactivated vaccine is developed and manufactured in Bharat Biotech’s BSL-3 high containment facility. The drugs Controller General V.G. Somani said it is “safe and provides a robust immune response”.

Who Will Get the Vaccination First?

            Following the recommendation of the National Expert Group, Public and Private Healthcare Workers such as doctors, nurses, medical officers, paramedics and other supporting staff, including medical students will be vaccinated first.

            Next. Frontline and Municipal Workers such as Central and State police department, the armed forces, disaster management forces, home guard, municipal workers and revenue service personnel engaged in COVID-19 containment activities are to be vaccinated alongside government and ministries of defense, home, housing and urban affairs personnel.

            Population above 50 years of age and those with co-morbidities are to be allowed for vaccination long with the people in areas with higher infection rate. After the priority is over, the remaining population will be inoculated in a staggered manner.

How to Register for Vaccine?

            The latest electoral roll of Lok Shaba and Assembly elections will be used to identify senior citizens. For the rest of the population, elf-registration on CoWIN will be made available in later phases. It will include uploading a government photo identity or Aadhaar for registration and identification. A date, time and venue will be allocated for the subsequent inoculation. On-the-spot registration is not allowed.

The Vaccination Process:

            Registered participants will assemble at the prescribed venue on that particular day. After the vaccine is administered, they will be kept under observation for 30 minutes to check for any adverse reactions. A five-member vaccination team will overlook the process. Two doses of the vaccine, 28 days apart need to be taken by an individual to complete the vaccination schedule. Protective level of antibodies is supposed to develop a fortnight after the second dose. The ministry of Health and Family Welfare announced that they are ready to rollout the vaccination drive in the next seven days.

Approval of the Dignitary:

            The drug regulatory authority gave the green signal to the jabs developed by AstraZeneca with Oxford University and by local firm Bharat Biotech. Prime minister Narendra Modi called it a “decisive turning point”, because people can finally get rid of the lethal virus that wreaks havoc in all their lives both economically and physically. India plans to inoculate some 300 million people on a priority list this year. On Saturday, India held a national wide drill to prepare more than 90,000 health care workers to administer vaccines across the country.

Controversies:

The Drugs Controller General of India said both manufacturers had submitted data showing their vaccines were safe to use. However, oppositions and some doctors have criticized a lack of transparency in the approval process. Dr Swapneil Parikh, an infectious diseases researcher based in Mumbai, told the BBC that doctors were in a difficult position.

Conclusion:

            Thus, with the help of the vaccines we can finally be at peace, this being a permanent solution to the atrocities of COVID-19 adds to the relief, that we are yearning to feel for more than a year.

                                                            -Devimanju Mohan.

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